たつをの ChangeLog : 2006-04-11

言語情報処理ポータルの日替わりコラム。今年度も続いています。
<http://nlp.kuee.kyoto-u.ac.jp/NLP_Portal/>
ここ3回分を公開。前回の公開は[2006-03-01-2]

■JEITAコラム(28) 2006/4/10:
Life Hacks PRESS 〜デジタル世代の「カイゼン」術〜」という本(ムッ
ク)を読みました。ライフハックとは、高い生産性で手際よく仕事をこな
すための工夫を現す言葉で、ここ数年ネット界隈で話題のキーワードです。
要するに「仕事術」なのですが、「ライフハック」と呼ぶのが今風なので
す!? (を)
ref. [2006-03-26-2]

■JEITAコラム(27) 2006/3/27:
ちょっと前にブログキャスターという企画雑誌が出ていました(『週刊東
洋経済』臨時増刊)。記者ではなく在野のブロガーがそれぞれの得意分野
で1ページの記事を書くという趣向でした。普通の人でもマス向け雑誌で
アウトプットできる時代なんだ、と感慨深いです。(を)
http://www.toyokeizai.co.jp/mag/blogcaster/
ref. [2006-03-01-1]

■JEITAコラム(26) 2006/3/10:
来週は言語処理学会全国大会です。業界の博覧会みたいなものですよね。
いろいろな研究が一気に見れる博覧会。楽しみです。(を)
ref. [2006-03-16-1][2006-03-13-1]

FSNLP

2006-04-11-2 [Book][NLP]
※参照用エントリ。随時書いていく。

Christopher D. Manning and Hinrich Schutze,
Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing,
MIT Press. Cambridge, MA: May 1999.


FSNLP は Foundations of Statistical Natural Language Processing の
略称です。FSNLP は統計的手法による自然言語処理のトピックがつまった
「教科書」「入門書」「定番本」です。専門書なので誰にでもオススメで
きる類の本ではないのですが、私にとっては常に手元に置いておきたい
一冊です。

■目次

I Preliminaries

1 Introduction
1.1 Rationalist and Empiricist Approaches to Language
1.2 Scientific Content
1.3 The Ambiguity of Language: Why NLP Is Difficult
1.4 Dirty Hands
1.5 Further Reading
1.6 Exercises
2 Mathematical Foundations
2.1 Elementary Probability Theory
2.2 Essential Information Theory
2.3 Further Reading
3 Linguistics Essentials
3.1 Parts of Speech and Morphology
3.2 Phrase Structure
3.3 Semantics and Pragmatics
3.4 Other Areas
3.5 Further Reading
3.6 Exercises
4 Corpus-Based Work
4.1 Getting Set Up
4.2 Looking at Text
4.3 Marked-Up Data
4.4 Further Reading
4.5 Exercises

II Words

5 Collocations
5.1 Frequency
5.2 Mean and Variance
5.3 Hypothesis Testing
5.4 Mutual Information
5.5 The Notion of Collocation
5.6 Further Reading
6 Statistical Inference: n-gram Models over Sparse Data
6.1 Bins: Forming Equivalence Classes
6.2 Statistical Estimators
6.3 Combining Estimators
6.4 Conclusions
6.5 Further Reading
6.6 Exercises
7 Word Sense Disambiguation
7.1 Methodological Preliminaries
7.2 Supervised Disambiguation
7.3 Dictionary-Based Disambiguation
7.4 Unsupervised Disambiguation
7.5 What Is a Word Sense?
7.6 Further Reading
7.7 Exercises
8 Lexical Acquisition
8.1 Evaluation Measures
8.2 Verb Subcategorization
8.3 Attachment Ambiguity
8.4 Selectional Preferences
8.5 Semantic Similarity
8.6 The Role of Lexical Acquisition in Statistical NLP
8.7 Further Reading

III Grammar

9 Markov Models
9.1 Markov Models
9.2 Hidden Markov Models
9.3 The Three Fundamental Questions for HMMs
9.4 HMMs: Implementation, Properties, and Variants
9.5 Further Reading
10 Part-of-Speech Tagging
10.1 The Information Sources in Tagging
10.2 Markov Model Taggers
10.3 Hidden Markov Model Taggers
10.4 Transformation-Based Learning of Tags
10.5 Other Methods, Other Languages
10.6 Tagging Accuracy and Uses of Taggers
10.7 Further Reading
10.8 Exercises
11 Probabilistic Context Free Grammars
11.1 Some Features of PCFGs
11.2 Questions for PCFGs
11.3 The Probability of a String
11.4 Problems with the Inside-Outside Algorithm
11.5 Further Reading
11.6 Exercises
12 Probabilistic Parsing
12.1 Some Concepts
12.2 Some Approaches
12.3 Further Reading
12.4 Exercises

IV Applications and Techniques

13 Statistical Alignment and Machine Translation
13.1 Text Alignment
13.2 Word Alignment
13.3 Statistical Machine Translation
13.4 Further Reading
14 Clustering
14.1 Hierarchical Clustering
14.2 Non-Hierarchical Clustering
14.3 Further Reading
14.4 Exercises
15 Topics in Information Retrieval
15.1 Some Background on Information Retrieval
15.2 The Vector Space Models
15.3 Term Distribution Models
15.4 Latent Semantic Indexing
15.5 Discourse Segmentation
15.6 Further Reading
15.7 Exercises
16 Text Categorization
16.1 Decision Trees
16.2 Maximum Entropy Modeling
16.3 Perceptrons
16.4 k Nearest Neighbor Classification
16.5 Further Reading


■FSNLPのオフィシャルページ
http://nlp.stanford.edu/fsnlp/
Eratta は要チェック![2004-05-20-2]
http://nlp.stanford.edu/fsnlp/errata.html

■FSNLPと私

あとで書く。夏の輪講など。NLP関連の本で一番参照頻度が高い。

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